Why is the legislature changing the property tax and schoool levy structures?

On January 9, 2014 the Washington State Supreme Court entered an order directing the Washington State Legislature to produce a funding plan to fully fund Washington’s K-12 education system by April 30, 2014.

During the 2017 session in order to fulfill the Supreme Court’s mandate to fully fund basic education for K-12 and reduce reliance on local school levies, the Washington state legislature passed House Bill 2242 which was signed into law by the Governor. To meet the funding mandated by the courts, the bill adds a new state school levy and modifies the cap on local school levies.

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1. Why does the state have to fund basic k-12 education?
2. Why is the legislature changing the property tax and schoool levy structures?
3. What is EHB 2242's effect of my property tax?
4. Am I paying a new levy, the old levy, or both?
5. I am a senior, am I exempt from the levy?
6. What is a levy rate, and what is it based on?
7. How will local school levies change in 2018?
8. What is an Enrichment Levy, and is it different than a Maintenance and Operations (M&O) Levy?
9. How will a local school levy cap effect my property taxes in 2019?
10. Will schools still have Local Effort Assistance (LEA) funding?
11. Are Capital Facility Levies considered an enrichment levy?